The New Jersey Department of the Treasury delivered a budget update to the Legislature on Friday that it said provides a detailed revenue report illustrating the devastating impact COVID-19 has had on New Jersey’s finances. It also lays out plans to close the looming gap for the remainder of the extended fiscal year through a series of deep cuts and spending deferrals.
State Treasurer Elizabeth Muoio said the state is potentially facing a combined revenue shortfall of nearly $10 billion over the remaining months of Fiscal Year 2020 and through the end of Fiscal Year 2021 — a potential decline that would be worse than the Great Recession of 2008-09.
The report provided the most detailed account to date of the significant shortfalls expected among the major tax revenues:
Gross Income Tax
- FY 2020 revenues are projected to be $910.9 million, or 5.4%, lower than Governor’s Budget Message forecast.
- FY 2021 collections are projected to be $3.955 billion, or 22.2% lower than GBM.
Sales and Use Tax
- FY 2020 revenues are projected to be $1.131 billion, or 10.9%, lower than GBM forecast.
- FY 2021 revenues are projected to be $1.528 billion, or 14.2%, lower than GBM.
Corporation Business Tax
- FY 2020 revenues are projected to be $451.9 million, or 11.6%, lower than GBM forecast.
- FY 2021 revenues are projected to be $1.228 billion, or 32% lower than GBM.
Muoio said Treasury has taken a number of initial steps to ensure the state remained in a solvent financial position, including:
- Review of state spending across all branches of government and placement of approximately $1 billion of available appropriations into reserve.
- Transfer of the entire $421 million Surplus Revenue Fund, also known as the Rainy Day Fund, to the undesignated General Fund balance to help offset the anticipated shortfall; in addition, the planned deposit on June 30 will not be made.
- Implementation of a statewide hiring freeze, with the exception of COVID-19-related needs.
- Ongoing review and approval by the Office of Management and Budget of department spending and contracting.
- Canceling and reserving of preencumbrances, which will result in deferral or elimination of planned department spending.
Additionally, to help offset the anticipated billions in lost revenue, the administration is proposing significant cuts across nearly all sectors of government. The report proposes decreasing planned spending by over $5 billion, including:
- $1.3 billion in proposed deappropriations;
- $3.2 billion in cut or delayed first-quarter appropriations;
- Withdrawal of $849.7 million in proposed spending priorities put forth by Gov. Phil Murphy in February.
Based on the size of the looming shortfall for the upcoming fiscal year, the report notes that, without new resources — including the ability to access borrowing facilities or additional federal funding — significant additional cuts will be needed for FY 2021.
“This report is designed to serve as a road map to help New Jersey begin to navigate what is essentially unchartered territory,” Muoio said in a statement. “We are not alone. All across the country, states are facing similar challenges that seemed inconceivable just a few short months ago.
“As a state, we had made great strides over the last two years to improve our fiscal condition. However, the global pandemic sparked by COVID-19 has halted this progress in its tracks. Managing this unprecedented fiscal crisis will require extremely difficult decisions in the weeks and months ahead and will necessitate a combination of budget and appropriation adjustments, critically needed borrowing and more robust federal assistance.”