Paycheck Protection Program loans will be tax exempt at the state level — and recipients will be allowed to deduct business expenses that were paid with the tax-exempt loan proceeds, thereby enhancing the tax benefits of the loans, Gov. Phil Murphy and state Treasurer Elizabeth Maher Muoio said Tuesday afternoon.
The guidelines now match those of the federal government, and will impact more than 150,000 New Jersey businesses — the vast majority of which received loans of less than $150,000.
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Under the federal PPP, some or all of the loan may be forgiven if certain conditions are met. While federal law generally considers forgiven loans to be taxable income, the “Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021,” which reauthorized the program, clarified that the amount of a PPP loan that is forgiven may be excluded from income for federal tax purposes and that expenses covered by PPP loans may be deducted from income for federal tax purposes.
New Jersey can follow the federal government’s treatment without enabling legislation, under existing authority. As a result, for the 2020 tax season, related expenses paid for with PPP loans will be deductible for both gross income tax and corporation business tax purposes, and forgiven loans will be excluded from being subject to either tax.
Murphy said the decision was made with a nod to helping small business.
“This decision is designed to help already-beleaguered small businesses, which are the majority of recipients of these loans,” Murphy said. “It’s no secret that New Jersey has been one of the hardest-hit states by COVID-19, and our small businesses have shouldered the brunt of it. PPP loans helped many stay afloat, and this move will provide added benefit to help them weather this storm.”
“PPP loans have played a critical role in helping Main Street stay afloat and keeping residents employed,” she said. “Given that the vast majority of these loan recipients are smaller businesses, the decision to make these loans tax-exempt and the proceeds tax-deductible was a logical one as we continue to grapple with COVID’s prolonged impact.”
The PPP was established by the federal CARES Act last year in response to the economic impact of COVID-19 in order to help small businesses keep employees on their payroll during the pandemic.
Of the 155,851 loans totaling $17.3 billion that New Jersey businesses received, the vast majority were for smaller businesses:
- 133,961 loans totaling $4.6 billion were for amounts under $150,000;
- 19,066 loans totaling $6.6 billion were approved for amounts between $150,000 and $1 million.
The decision was welcomed by state Sen. Troy Singleton (D-Moorestown) and Assembly Majority Leader Louis Greenwald (D-Voorhees) who have championed this move through legislation, along with Senate Budget Committee Chairman Paul Sarlo (D-Wood-Ridge), who also welcomed the changes.
They released the following statements:
- Singleton: “Small businesses across the state have been pummeled over the past year. Many of our favorite family establishments have already closed, and numerous others are at risk of shutting down. For many, the federal PPP loans were a godsend that helped them stay open, which is why I sponsored legislation that would make the PPP loans nontaxable. I am glad New Jersey is following the federal government’s lead to allow businesses to deduct forgiven loans from state taxes. This will provide further relief to businesses around the Garden State.”
- Greenwald: “As we continue to battle the economic and public health crises caused by COVID-19, it is critically important that we ensure forgiven Paycheck Protection Program loans will not be subject to the state taxation. I applaud the governor’s decision to have the state follow the federal government’s decision to allow PPP loans to remain nontaxable. We must do all we can to help those businesses struggling as a result of the pandemic and position them to recover when the public health crisis subsides.”
- Sarlo: “This will help ensure that the receipt and forgiveness of coronavirus assistance through the PPP does not result in surprise tax bills that small businesses can’t afford. That’s not what they signed onto, not what they expected and not what they planned for. The goal of the CARES Act funding is to help these businesses to survive the economic hardships of the shutdown, and Congress’ intention was to allow the loans to be forgiven with no tax consequences. They complied with the terms of the loans. Many businesses are struggling to survive and can’t afford additional expenses. This will help them get through the crisis and work towards profitability.”